According the American Red Cross, if a fire starts in your home, you
may have as little as 2 minutes to escape.
If you have a metal roof: metal /
tin roofs do not attract lightning! Metal roofing is perfectly
safe. It does not attract any extra attention from lightning and
just like buildings constructed with traditional building materials, any
electricity from a lightning strike will be safely transferred to the
ground below so occupants will be unaffected.
Top Tips for Home Fire Safety
- Install smoke alarms on every level of your home, inside
bedrooms and outside sleeping areas.
- Test smoke alarms every month. If they're not working,
change the batteries.
- Talk with all family members about a fire escape plan and
practice the plan twice a year.
- If a fire occurs in your home, GET OUT,
STAY OUT and CALL FOR HELP.
Never go back inside for anything or anyone.
Checklist / Information
The below checklists and information sheets are for your use.
Please click on the dark green areas to download and use freely.
Nine (9) Ways to Prepare for a Home Fire
Home Fire Escape Plans: If you're not sure
where to start, these guide will help guide you in creating your own
Single Family Home &
Multi Family Home.
Basic Fire Escape Planning by the National Fire Protection
- Install the right number of smoke alarms. Test them once a
month and replace the batteries at least once a year.
- Teach children what smoke alarms sound like and what to do when
they hear one. Plus teach them not to hide from firefighters.
- Ensure that all household members know two ways to escape from
every room of your home and know the family meeting spot outside of
- Establish a family emergency communications plan and ensure that
all household members know who to contact if they cannot find one
- Make sure windows are not stuck, screens can be taken out
quickly and that security bars (if you have them) can be properly
- Practice feeling your way out of the house in the dark or with
your eyes closed.
- Practice escaping from your home at least twice a year.
Press the smoke alarm button or yell "Fire" to alert everyone that
they must get out.
- Make sure everyone knows how to call 9-1-1.
- Teach household members to STOP, DROP and ROLL if their clothes
should catch on fire.
During a Fire:
- Crawl low under any smoke to your exit - heavy smoke and
poisonous gases collect first along the ceiling.
- When the smoke alarm sounds, get out fast. You may have
only seconds to escape safely.
- If there is smoke blocking your door or first way out, use your
second way out.
- Smoke is toxic. If you must escape through smoke, get low
and go under the smoke to your way out.
- Before opening a door, feel the doorknob and door. If
either is hot, leave the door closed and use your second way out.
- If you open a door, open it slowly. Be ready to shut it
quickly if heavy smoke or fire is present.
- If you can't get to someone needing assistance, leave the home
and call 9-1-1 or the fire department. Tell the emergency
operator where the person is located.
- If pets are trapped inside your home, tell firefighters right
- If you can't get out, close the door and cover vents and cracks
around doors with either cloth or tape to keep smoke out. Call 9-1-1
or the fire department. Say where you are and signal for help
at a window with a light colored cloth or a flashlight.
- If your clothes catch fire, stop, drop and roll - stop
immediately, drop to the ground and cover your face with your hands.
Roll over and over or back and forth until the fire is out. If
you or someone else cannot stop, drop and roll, smother the flames
with a blanket or towel. Use cool water to treat the burn
immediately for 3 - 5 minutes. Cover with a clean dry cloth.
Escaping a Fire:
- Make sure windows are not nailed or painted shut.
- Consider escape ladders if your residence has more than one
level and ensure, if you have burglar bars and any other antitheft
mechanisms, that block outside window entry, are easily opened from
- Clean out storage areas. Do not let trash, such as old
newspapers and magazines, accumulate.
Fire Escape Planning for Older Adults and People Access or
- Live near an exit. You'll be safest on the ground floor if
you live in a multi-story home. Arrange to sleep on the ground
floor and near an exit.
- If you use a walker or wheelchair, check all exits to be sure
you can get through the doorways.
- Make any necessary accommodations, such as providing exit ramps
and widening doorways, to facilitate an emergency escape.
- Speak with family members and/or neighbors about your fire
safety plan and practice it with them.
- Contact your local fire department's non-emergency line and
explain your special needs. Ask emergency providers to keep
your special needs information on file.
- Keep a phone near your bed and be ready to call 9-1-1 or your
local emergency number if a fire occurs.
After a Fire:
Recovering from a fire can be a physically and mentally draining
process. When fire strikes, lives are suddenly turned around.
Often, the hardest part is knowing where to begin and who to contact.
The following checklist serves as a quick reference and guide for you
to follow after a fire strikes.
- Contact your local disaster relief service, such as The Red
Cross, if you need temporary housing, food and medicines.
- If you are insured, contact your insurance company for detailed
instructions on protecting the property, conduct an inventory and
contact a fire damage restoration company. If you are not
insured, try contacting private organizations for aid and
- Check with the fire department to make sure your residence is
safe to enter. Be watchful of any structural damage caused by
- The fire department should see that utilities are either safe to
use or are disconnected before they leave the site. DO NOT
attempt to reconnect utilities yourself.
- Conduct an inventory of damaged property and items.
Do not throw away any damaged goods until after an inventory is
- Try to locate valuable documents and records. Refer to
information on contacts and their replacement process.
- If you leave your home, contact the local police department to
let them know the site will be unoccupied.
- Begin saving receipts for any money you spend related to fire
loss. The receipts may be needed later by the insurance
company and for verifying losses claimed on income tax.
- Notify your mortgage company of the fire.
- Check with an accountant or the Internal Revenue Service (IRS)
about special benefits for people recovering from fire loss.
For more information on what you should do after a home fire,
including valuing your property, replacing documents and salvage hints,
visit the U.S.
Fire Administration's website.
Prevention of Home Fires:
- Stay in the kitchen when you are frying, grilling or
broiling food. If you leave the kitchen, even for a short
time, turn off the stove.
- Wear short, close fitting or tightly rolled sleeves when
- Do not cook if you are sleepy, have been drinking alcohol or
have taken medicine that makes you drowsy.
- Keep children away from cooking areas by enforcing a
"kid-free zone" of 3 feet around the stove.
- Position barbecue grills at least 10 feet away from siding
and deck railings and out from under eaves and overhanging
Portable Space Heaters:
- Keep combustible objects at least 3 feet away from portable
- Buy only heaters evaluated by a nationally recognized
- Check to make the portable heater has a thermostat control
mechanism and will switch off automatically if the heater falls
- Check with your local fire department on the legality of
kerosene heater use in your community.
- Only use crystal clear K-1 kerosene in kerosene heaters.
Never overfill it. Use the heater in a well-ventilated
Electrical and Appliance Safety:
- Frayed wires can cause fires. Replace all worn, old or
damaged appliance cords immediately and do not run cords under
rugs or furniture.
- Buy electrical products evaluated by a nationally recognized
- If an appliance has a three-prong plug, use it only in a
three-slot outlet. Never force it to fit into a two-slot
outlet or extension cord.
- Use electrical extension cords wisely; never overload
extension cords or wall sockets.
- Immediately shut off, then professionally replace light
switches that are too hot to the touch and lights flicker.
- Take the mystery out of the fire play by teaching children
that fire is a tool, not a toy.
- Store matches and lighters out of children's reach and
sight, preferably in a locked cabinet.
- Teach children not to pick up matches or lighters they may
find. Instead, they should tell an adult immediately.
- Never leave children unattended near operating stoves or
burning candles, even for a short time.
- Check under beds and in closets for burned matches, evidence
your child may be playing with fire.
Fireplaces and Woodstoves:
- Inspect and clean woodstove pipes and chimneys annually and
check monthly for damage or obstructions.
- Never burn trash, paper or green wood.
- Use a fireplace screen heavy enough to stop rolling logs and
big enough to cover the entire opening of the fireplace to catch
- Make sure the fire is completely out before leaving the
house or going to bed.
- Store cooled ashes in a tightly sealed metal container
outside the home.
- If you smoke, smoke outside. Most home fires caused by
smoking materials start inside the home. Put your
cigarettes out in a can filled with sand.
- Make sure cigarettes and ashes are out. The cigarette
really needs to be completely stubbed out in an ashtray.
Soak cigarette buts and ashes in water before throwing them
away. never toss hot cigarette butts or ashes in the trash
- Never smoke in a home where oxygen is used, even if it's
turned off. Oxygen can be explosive and makes fire burn
hotter and faster.
- Be alert - don't smoke in bed! If you are sleepy, have
been drinking or have taken medicine that makes you drowsy, put
your cigarette out first.
- Check for cigarette butts. Chairs and sofas catch on
fire fast and burn fast. Don't put ashtrays on them.
If people have been smoking in the home, check for cigarettes
More Prevention Tips:
- Avoid using lighted candles.
- Portable generators should NEVER be used indoors and should
only be refueled outdoors or in a well ventilated area.
- Never use the range or oven to heat your home.
- Keep combustible and flammable liquids away from heat
- Replace mattresses made before the 2007 Federal Mattress
Flammability Standard. Mattresses made since then are
required by law to be safer.
The information found in this section of the Pine
Mountain Estates, NC website were obtained from a variety of reliable
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)